Understanding Your Migraines

migraine is a severe headache that often comes with nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light. It can last from a few minutes to hours or even days.

Migraines manifest differently in different people. In many people, they happen in steps. These steps are outlined below for your understanding:

Pro – drome

In the period leading to a headache, many people who have migraines notice symptoms like:


These symptoms arise from your central nervous system and often involve your vision. They usually start gradually and last less than an hour. You may experience:

  • Ear ringing
  • Changes in smell, taste
  • Tunnel vision
  • Visual hallucinations
  • Not be able to see at all
  • Numbness or loss of sensation on one side of your body
  • Not be able to speak clearly
  • Have a feeling of heaviness in your arms and legs


A migraine headache often begins as a dull ache before evolving into throbbing pain. It is usually worsened by physical activity. The pain can move from one side of your head to the other, can be in the front of your head, or can feel like it’s affecting your entire head.

Many people suffering from migraines (about 80% of people) have nausea along with a headache and about half vomit.

Post – drome

This stage can last up to a day after a headache. Symptoms include:

  • Feeling tired or exhausted
  • Feeling unusually refreshed or happy
  • Muscle pain or weakness
  • Lack of appetite

Triggers for Migraine

Some of the common triggers of migraines include:

  • Stress. When you’re feeling stressed, your brain releases chemicals that can cause blood vessel changes that might lead to a migraine.
  • Hormonal changes. Some women may notice that they have headaches associated with their monthly cycle.
  • Some foods and drinks, such as alcohol and caffeine can cause migraines as well.
  • Sense stimulation. Bright and flashing lights and strong smells can set off a migraine.
  • Medications. Vasodilators, which widen your blood vessels, can trigger them.
  • Tobacco
  • Changes to your sleep. You might get headaches when you sleep too much or not enough.

Seek medical attention as soon as you start experiencing the above symptoms.

Migraine is manageable.